Silmarillion Walkthrough – Part 7: Of Thingol and Melian (Ch4)

But he came at last to a glade open to the stars, and there Melian stood; and out of the darkness he looked at her, and the light of Aman was in her face. 

(The Silmarillion, 55)

This post continues my chapter-by-chapter walk through of The Silmarillion. This time, I will take a look at the fourth chapter of The Silmarillion proper, “Of Thingol and Melian”.

Thingol and Melian” by aautio ©2007 – 2018

Chapter 4 of The Silmarillion is a short and succinct “boy-meets-girl” story, or so a surface reading would suggest. However, it is an important development in the history of Middle-earth, and in it we see key themes begin to develop to the point of fruition.

Key Figures

Thingol (Elwë): King of the Teleri, he loses that kingship upon meeting Melian.

Melian: A Maia, she is of the same order as the Valar, and was with Ilúvatar before Eä.

Lúthien: The daughter of Thingol and Melian, she is not mentioned by name in the chapter, but she is the one named as “the fairest of the Children of Ilúvatar that was or shall ever be” (56).

Key Events

Elwë and Melian Meet: While on the great journey to Aman, Elwë comes upon Melian after hearing her song. He sees the light of Aman in her face, and a spell falls upon him.

Elwë Misses the Boat: Because of the spell, which entrances Elwë for many years, the Teleri are unable to find Elwë, and so his people elect Olwë (his brother) their new leader and depart Middle-earth for Aman.

Thingol’s Kingdom: Nevertheless, Elwë becomes king of the Sindar, the Grey-Elves, and takes the new name Elu Thingol, “King Greymantle.” He forges a kingdom in Beleriand called Menegroth, “The Thousand Caves.”

Key Takeaways

Twilight: Beleriand is in twilight during this time, having only the indirect light of the Two Trees and the light of Varda’s stars upon it. Melian herself is associated with the song of the nightingales. The Elves who remain in Beleriand are thus forever associated with the twilight because they have not seen the light of Valinor directly.

The Blood of the Ainur: Through the union of Thingol and Melian, the “blood” of the Ainur enters into a particular strand of the Children of Ilúvatar. This strand will continue down to the Third Age and beyond.

The Power of Song: Again, we see that music is woven into the fabric of Eä as a power perhaps beyond any other. Melian’s song is enough to enchant Elwë into seeking her out alone in the forest.

Key Quotes

Melian was a Maia, of the race of the Valar. She dwelt in the gardens of Lórien, and among all his people there were none more beautiful than Melian, nor more wise, nor more skilled in songs of enchantment. (55)

Elwë, lord of the Teleri, went often through the great woods to seek out Finwë his friend in the dwellings of the Noldor; and it chanced on a time that he came alone to the starlit wood of Nan Elmoth, and there suddenly he heard the song of nightingales. (55)

Thus Elwë’s folk who sought him found him not, and Olwë took the kingship of the Teleri and departed, as is told hereafter. Elwë Singollo came never again across the sea to Valinor so long as he lived, and Melian returned not thither while their realm together lasted; but of her there came among both Elves and Men a strain of the Ainur who were with Ilúvatar before Eä. (55-56)

And of the love of Thingol and Melian there came into the world the fairest of all the Children of Ilúvatar that was or shall ever be. (56)

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